Evidenced-based Psychotherapy Approaches

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Acceptance and Commitment Therapy ACT

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)

What is Acceptance and Commitment Therapy? Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) can help you to cultivate a rich and meaningful life, by accepting what is beyond your control, and committing to actions that are in line with your values. ACT can help you to increase your psychological flexibility, allowing you to break free from patterns…

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CBT Montreal

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy? Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (also called CBT) is actually an umbrella term for a number of different therapies, which share the following characteristics: Short-term (usually 6-20 sessions) Involves discussing current difficulties, in the “here and now” Therapy is practical, solution-oriented, teaches strategies and skills Collaborative, therapist and client develop a positive…

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Dialectical Behaviour Therapy Montreal

Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT)

What is Dialectical Behaviour Therapy? Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) is a type of cognitive behavioural therapy that was originally developed to treat people with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD).  However, you do not need to have a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder in order to benefit from this type of therapy. By balancing both acceptance and change,…

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Psychodynamic Therapy Montreal

Psychodynamic Therapy

What is Psychodynamic Therapy? Psychodynamic therapy focuses on helping clients gain awareness about unconscious processes.  Specifically, how feelings, impulses, and defense mechanisms may be influencing their present behaviours. It focuses on understanding how early experiences affect how we feel and relate to others today. By speaking about the past, people can become more aware of why they…

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Emotion-Focused Therapy Montreal

Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT)

What is Emotion-Focused Therapy? Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT), is an empirically validated type of therapy that helps people to identify, experience, express, accept, regulate, understand, and transform a full range of emotions. It’s a therapeutic modality that works successfully in individual therapy, as well as with couples or families. Emotion-Focused Therapy helps people to break free…

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Exposure And Response Prevention

Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP)

What is Exposure and Response Prevention? Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) is a type of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), that was specifically developed to treat Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). OCD involves having intrusive thoughts, images, or impulses that one finds distressing. Typically people try to push these thoughts out of their mind, or perform an action…

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Functional Analytic Psychotherapy Montreal

Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP)

Functional Analytic Psychotherapy Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP) focuses on helping people to become more authentic in their relationships.  FAP also helps people to live more fully as the kind of person that they want to be. Core Principles of Functional Analytic Psychotherapy: Focus on the Here and Now.  For example, instead of discussing how your…

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Imago Relationship Therapy

Imago Relationship Therapy

What is Imago Relationship Therapy? Imago Relationship Therapy helps couples learn to reconnect in ways that enhance their romantic relationship or marriage. It purports that the unconscious purpose of a committed partnership is to heal childhood wounds. The word imago is based on the latin word “image”. It teaches that we all hold an unconscious…

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Mentalization Based Therapy Montreal

Mentalization-Based Therapy

What is Mentalization-Based Therapy? Mentalization-Based Therapy is an evidence based form of psychodynamic therapy. It was originally developed to help people with borderline personality disorder. Currently, it is used to help people with a variety of personality disorders. People with personality disorders are often stuck in habitual ways of perceiving. This means that they tend…

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Mindfulness Montreal


What is Mindfulness? When people hear the word mindfulness, they usually think of meditation. However, if you don’t like meditation, no worries! Meditation is just one of many ways that we can cultivate mindfulness. So, what is mindfulness? A psychological process that involves consciously paying attention to internal experiences (thoughts, feelings, bodily sensations, urges, memories)…

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Motivational Interviewing Montreal

Motivational Interviewing (MI)

What is Motivational Interviewing? Motivational interviewing (MI) is a method of counselling that helps people to get in touch with their personal reasons for wanting to change a particular behaviour, in order to increase their intrinsic desire to change. By helping clients sort through their feelings of ambivalence, they can feel more committed to changing…

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Positive Psychology Montreal

Positive Psychology

What is Positive Psychology? Positive Psychology is the scientific study of wellbeing. It compliments traditional theories of mental health by acknowledging that it’s not only important to address or fix problems, but also emphasize strengths (what’s good in a person), what makes life worth living, and what helps people flourish. Positive Psychology focuses on what can…

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Schema Therapy Montreal

Schema Therapy

What is Schema Therapy? Schema Therapy, also called Schema-Focused Cognitive Therapy or Schema-Focused Therapy, helps people  identify and replace their maladaptive schemas with healthier ones. Schemas are self-defeating patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving. Schemas are thought to develop from unmet needs during early life, and become the lenses through which people view the world.…

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person-centered humanistic approach

Person-Centered Humanistic Therapy

What is Person-Centered Humanistic Therapy? Person-Centered Therapy (also called Client-Centered Therapy) was developed by Carl Rogers as a way to help people not only reduce their distress, but to also grow and thrive. Instead of only focusing on symptom reduction, Person-Centered therapy focuses on helping people to self-actualize, or achieve their highest potential.  Person-Centered therapy…

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play therapy

Play Therapy

What is Play Therapy? Play Therapy is a therapeutic modality designed for children, that involves letting them express themselves and learn new skills through play. As children may not be able to adequately express themselves verbally, the act of play helps children to convey the difficulties they are experiencing in a developmentally appropriate way. Often…

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gottman method therapy

Gottman Method

The Gottman Method for Couples Therapy Research by John Gottman has shown that 4 factors predict divorce: Criticizing the partner’s personality Defensiveness Stonewalling (refusing to process conflict) Contempt As such, Drs. Julie and John Gottman developed the Gottman approach to therapy, which involves fostering friendship, affection, respectful conflict management within the couple. Core Principles of…

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narrative therapy

Narrative Therapy

What is Narrative Therapy? Narrative Therapy helps people to construct a view of themselves that is empowering so that they can overcome problems or difficulties they are facing. Narrative Therapy views “the problem” (as opposed to “your problem”) as something outside of the person – people are not problems. How does Narrative Therapy work? Humans…

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psychoanalytic psychotherapy

Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy

What is Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy? Psychoanalytic psychotherapy is typically depicted in movies as someone lying on a couch and free-associating while the therapist says “uhm-hum” and silently scribbles away on a notepad. Fortunately, this approach has evolved over the years since the early days of Freud, while retaining many of its key ingredients, such as the…

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interpersonal psychotherapy

Interpersonal Psychotherapy

What is Interpersonal Psychotherapy? Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) is a brief attachment-focused therapy that helps people feel better by improving the quality of their interpersonal relationships. Loneliness, depression, anger, guilt, shame, anxiety, and many other feelings, usually all have a social component. Interpersonal Psychotherapy helps people to overcome concerns in their relationships with others, which in…

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