In Quebec, only certain licensed professionals are legally allowed to practice psychotherapy, since psychotherapy is a regulated act. The Order of Psychologists of Quebec (OPQ) determines who is (and is not) allowed to provide psychotherapy. The OPQ has determined that both Psychologists and Psychotherapists are qualified to provide psychotherapy.
Psychologists typically have an Undergraduate degree in psychology (3-4 years), a Master’s degree (1-2 years), and a PhD (4-6 years). Prior to 2006, a PhD was not required to become licensed as a psychologist.
Psychotherapists must have a professional license (e.g., Nurse, Social Worker, Counsellor) with extensive training in psychotherapy. They must also have a permit to practice psychotherapy, issued to them by the Order of Psychologists of Quebec (OPQ).
Please check with your insurance company to see if they cover services provided by a Psychologist or a Psychotherapist.